Every Sunday, 6pm at OMG! SCANDALOUS SUNDAYS Latin drag shows and dance party. Three drag shows (7:30/ 10:30/ 11:30pm) by Latin drag diva VICKY JIMENEZ and her Luscious Latina Ladies. Sexy go go dancers and drink specials. FREE admission before 9pm/ $5 cover after 9pm. Follows Comedy Open mic hosted by Joe Gorman and John Gallagher, 5:30-6pm.
Every Monday 9:30pm - after hours at DNA Lounge - six DJs in two rooms play a mix of gothic, industrial, synthpop, noise, ambient, and weird stuff for those 18+ who love the darker side of things.
Every 2nd and 4th Monday each month at Center for Sex and Culture, 1349 Mission St, SF. Just dick, desire… and lots of naked guys in one room! SF Jacks meat - play until finished. $7 donation; no one turned away for lack of funds. 13th Jacks Virgin is our guest! For more info see website or call: 415 267-6999.
FOURTH FRIDAYs, 7:30-9:30pm, at Modern Times Bookstore, 2919 24th St, SF. Queer hosts, and a lot of trendy sexy queers. Sign ups are at 7pm for one slot to do one piece and one piece only. You get 5 minutes; they will stop you if you go overtime. The list fills up fast!
Every Tuesday night, 10pm-2am at OMG, 43 6th St. No Strings Attached - singlets, boxers, briefs, jock straps, coxsox, bathrobe editions; bears, cubs, otters and fetish nights; dirty beats, dim lights, sexy vibe, piggy men, hot bartenders; wet bulge contest. Free clothes check, $4 cover - free with student ID. Doors close at 1am.
Every Thursday, 6:30-10:30pm + Sunday, 5-10:30pm, at Sundance Saloon, 550 Barneveld Ave, SF. Two-step, line dance, waltz, swing, or just hang out. If you don't know how to dance, don't worry, they'll teach you with beginner lessons, Sundays and Thursdays (+monthly Saturday nights with Beatbox Country) in friendly/ welcoming environment for women and men of all ages.
Now through September 17, 2017. With photographs, ephemera and artifacts, historian Joey Cain highlights roles of 4 queers in the 1967 Summer of Love: poet Allen Ginsberg, filmmaker Kenneth Anger, philosopher Gavin Arthur and singer Janis Joplin. All made lasting impacts on American culture. Perspectives as artists, visionaries and sexual outsiders + the homophile community response.
August 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 2017, 8pm at Nob Hill Theatre. One of the busiest nights of the week! Come in and make a new friend. Complimentary clothes check and refreshments. Tickets $20 - arcade only: $15.
August 2-7, 2017. HQ: Sonoma Nesting Company. Pool Parties/ Daddy Saddle Party/ Bearracuda Party/ SWEAT Dance/ Dinners/ Tours/ performers/ bonfires/ beach/ Wine Tasting/ socials/ Movie Nite/ ice cream/ Beareoke. Also: Castrobear's every 2nd Sunday bear party at 440 Castro, 4-10pm, with raffles, prizes, drink specials, hot men + great music!
August 3, 2017, 7-10pm. The queer, marijuana, rock n roll, drag party brings the LGBTQ community and admirers together again to celebrate cannabis. DJ Sergio Fedasz (Go Bang!) will spin 420 tunes at the early meet+greet. Stoner Raffle hosted by DJ Dank. Maria Konner/ Not From Jersey band, followed by 10:30pm kooky drag show w/ Thee Pristine Condition, Ultra, and Mama Dora.
August 3, 2017, 9pm-1am at Nob Hill Theatre, 729 Bush St. "A Fun, Sexy/ VERY Interactive clothing-optional monthly play party not to be missed. Look for the password and join us at this private play party." SEX SHOW at 10:30pm to feature porn star Derek Parker. Complimentary Clothes Check. Tickets $20.
August 4-6, 2017, FRI-SAT 8pm/ SUN 2pm. A dark musical comedy full of lies, deceit, and corruption at the 16th century Tower of London. The closest thing to grand opera by Gilbert and Sullivan, poignant and tragic, with humor not seen in any other Gilbert libretto, and boasting some of Sullivan's finest work; considered the best of the canon by many G&S fans.
August 5, 2017, 9pm-3:30am. Wizards+white walkers leave muggles behind/ dance like all of Westeros is partying! Daenerys Stormborn or Harry Potter? Hodor or Hagrid? Cersei Lannister or Bellatrix Lestrange? Hogwarts or the Red Keep? A night of geektastic mashups: Hubba Hubba Revue Westeros vs Hogwarts burlesque show; DJs Adrian A + En8, John!John! spin pure magic all night! Next: Aug 12.
August 5, 2017 9:30pm-2am, Slate Bar. Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger video dance party. Modern day Indie/ Electro meets Electronica from the 90s/2000s for a rock/synthpop battle of epic proportions. This month celebrating an incredible milestone playing the ENTIRE album along with favorite Indie, Electro and Electronica music videos; special guest DJ BIT of Club Satori and Hereafter.
August 5, 2017, 10pm-3am. Heklina co-founded Trannyshack in 1996 at the Stud, w/ monthly shows. The longest running drag event series in SF, Trannyshack was rebranded as Mother, Fridays weekly at Oasis. Next: Aug 12th - Mother: Michael vs Janet Jackson; Aug 19th - Mother: A Disney Tribute; Aug 26th - Mother: Florence The Machine vs Tori Amos; Sept 2nd - Mother.
August 6, 2017, 12:30pm, New Parkway Theater. Provocative alternative to traditional ideas of what constitutes the American family. Rachel, married with 3 kids, twice becomes a gestational surrogate for her gay best friend and his boyfriend. The documentary follows the blended, extended family for 3 years as they navigate questions about parenting, identity, intimacy and connection.
August 6, 2017, 2-8pm at El Rio. Your queer dance party 1st Sundays at El Rio - Featuring Bobbi Rohs; Host Kelly Lovemonster; DJs Bianca Oblivion, Shuga Shay, DavOmakesbeats, and boy_friend. FREE BBQ Cook Out! w/ Chef Jackie. Also at Oasis, Sunday August 20th at 2pm - Cool for the Summer.
August 6, 2017, 4-7pm at Q Bar, 456 Castro St. With $10 Beer or Soda Bust, Tasty Jello Shots, Go-Go Pups, Tasty Nibbles, Performances, AWESOME Raffle Prizes + mind-blowing AUCTION item (EXTREMELY hard to obtain/buy due to it's "burning popularity!").
August 6, 2017, 7:30pm at The Stud Bar. Comedy about a 1977 group of queers in a bar figuring out how to defend themselves from a number of fag bashers (ranging from street gangs, opportunistic political figure Anita Bryant, and even the lease-owners of the bar). All of the bashers eventually turn up at the bar - and are dealt with by the newly formed “West Street Gang.”
August 7, 2017, 6-10pm, Castro Theatre. The US premiere of the visit by the Sisters to Shanghai Pride in 2014 documentary filmed by Mondet. The event includes speakers Mark Leno, Tom Ammiano, Melanie Nathan (African Human Rights Coalition) and Natalie Ray (Russian immigrant); also VIP meet and greet, cocktails and more. After film Q&A with filmmaker and Sisters. Tickets $10-150.
August 9, 16, 23, 30, 2017, 9pm-2am, at Beaux. PAN DULCE is back! One of the CASTRO'S most legendary weekly parties with the hottest PAPI BOYZ go-gos from around the USA, the most fabulous drag divas and the sweetest Latin/ Dance/ Top 40 musica. MASSIVE LATIN HUMP DAY FIESTA featuring Rupaul Drag Race devas + XXX porn stars, live on stage.
August 10, 2017 7-9pm. Tirza Latimer, Pamela Peniston, Rudy Lemcke, Lenore Chinn, four noted art specialists, discuss how LGBTQ artists and sitters have queered conventions of the portrait. Why does portraiture - deeply implicated from its inception in the representation of kinship, affiliation and identity - remain important to queer communities in the so-called post-identity era?
August 12, 2017, 9pm-2am. Imagine suckin the frothy head off of an ice cold beer, surrounded by a smorgasboard of studly pups and strapping leather gents; sweaty man meat tumbling and stumbling around one of San Francisco's cruisiest outdoor patios. Continue your kinky summer with residents Taco Tuesday + Kevin O'Connor and hosts Blake Cedric + Jorge Portillo. Feat: Boy Young.
August 11-13, 2017, Groundswell Institute, 18500 Highway 128 Yorkville. Space/ gathering dedicated to restoring/ celebrating our collective power. Creators of culture, the young/ young at heart, the gifted, and the creative come together to empower one another through fashion, art, activism, food, connection, engagement, celebration, community, healing and restoration. For us and by US!
August 11, 2017 + 2nd Fridays, at First Unitarian Church of Oakland, 685 14th St. 7:30-8pm beginners' lesson and 8-11pm dance. Gender-free contra dance sponsored by SF Bay Queer Contra Dance. Featuring Phoenix with Anna Rain. Next dates: Sep 8th with Switching Protocols/ Charlie Turner; Oct 13th with TBA; Nov 10th with Countercurrent/ Alex Sturbaum and Brian Lindsay.
August 11-12, 2017, 8pm at the Nob Hill Theatre. Sexy Scott DeMarco has made scenes for Raging Stallion, Falcon, American Muscle Hunks and Next Door Studios. He makes his first appearance with a super sexy smile and a smoking hot body, and he likes Daddy Muscle Men. Scott is joined for the 10pm SEX SHOWS with Nob Hill Veteran Brian Bonds.
August 11, 2017, 10pm-2am, Oasis. San Francisco's Party for Girls Who Love Girls: 2nd Fridays at Oasis; 3rd Fridays at f8 Club (1192 Folsom). You meet her. You take her on one date. You take her on another date. Before you know it: UHAUL -with a furry pet of some sort with a little sweater on. DJs: Whitney Day + Von Kiss. Go-go gals: Gabriela Reyés + Marqui Martinez.
August 13, 2017, 3-9pm at The Rosemont, 63 Montrose Ave. featuring DJs DavOmakesbeats, br0nz3_g0dd3ss, Anthony Dicap. With hostsCakes da Killa + Kelly Lovemonster. Local queer arts hub features emerging queer/ qtpoc performers. After 5+ yrs an institution for Bay Area residents. Ongoing events 1st Sundays at El Rio and August 20th at Oasis.
August 15, 2017, 7:30pm at Oasis. The behind-the-scenes scoop when we hear stories from and about professional emcees. Hosted by TOMMY SALAMI. With storis from... MAHLAE BALENCIAGA, JUICY D. LIGHT, RUBY VIXENN, PIPPI LOVESTOCKING, JIM SWEENEY, and DOTTIE LUX.
August 17, 2017, 7pm at Piedmont Theatre. Stellar short films; beautiful and rich depictions of queer and trans folks of color. "From roadtripping, to the quest for a boo thing, to speaking truth to power, these films bolster QTPOC folks holding it down with solidarity and real talk."
August 17, 2017, 7-9pm. Avant-garde film maker Kenneth Anger expanded possibilities of cinema in the late 40s. Influenced by bisexual poet/ceremonial magickian Aleister Crowley, his visionary films influenced Summer of Love participants. A look at Crowley’s homosexuality and philosophy + excerpts from Anger films to elucidate themes in his ecstatic cinematic dreamscapes.
August 18, 2017, 8pm-2am. Saul Sugarman birthday special - singlet party theme: Gorgeous Ladies Of Wrestling. Wear sexy undies or other sexy attire; singlets/ wrestling outfits encouraged! Let's get painted and have fun. Tunes, painting, hosting, dancing, photobooth: Jeff Arbildo, Jeremy Heskett, Topher Olson, Robert James, Tucker Anthony, Eide Theresa Von Dohlen, Geoffrey Norman.
August 18, 2017, 9pm-4am, Club 21 Nightclub. LUCIA MENDEZ EN VIVO/ downtown Oakland in the QUEEN OF QUEENS IS BACK tour - singing ALL her greatest hits. Celebrate the birthdays of Club Papi Promoter JAMIE and the Legendary MS LOLA with 12 sexy PAPI Go-Go dancers from LA, Mexico, SD and SF. DJ Adrian spins the sweetest Latin + Dance Musica at the East Bay's largest LGBTQ dance club.
August 19, 2017, 7pm at SOMArts Gallery, 934 Brannan St. For the 8th installation of Project Nunway imagine a science fiction world filled with the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence. Come see designers fulfill their mandate to take these 21st century nuns and populate them throughout space, time, and technology.
August 19, 2017, 9:30pm-2am, Saturday at Rickshaw Stop. Established in LA where GAMeBoi runs nonstop every Friday; the 18+ nightclub of choice for the Asian community. Third Saturdays San Francisco monthly event features a diverse pop and dance music mix with ventures into the kpop scene. VJ LaRock plays Pop/Dance/EDM/AsianPop. Hot Asian go-go dancers. Tickets $8-15.
August 20, 2016, 2-8pm. Shop til you drop game that really talks - all the fun of a shopping spree. With bank account and credit card buy everything on your list and be first out. Hosts: Heklina (Mother) + Carnita (Hard French). Turntabling by Stanley Frank (Beatpig). DJs: Paul Goodyear + Jim Hopkins. Performers: Militia Scunt, Nicki Jizz, Grace Towers, Linty. BBQ c/o Sneaky's BBQ.
August 24, 2017, 9pm-1am Thursday at Nob Hill Adult Theater Underground Playroom. We met Jack at IML and the Grabby Awards in Chicago (his current home town). A hot performer for a real interactive evening at Circle Jerk. Watch, play and join in the fun. Come early and check out shows upstairs in the Main Theatre with house performers. Join the fun. Join the Circle! Entry: $15.
August 25-26, 2017, at the Nob Hill Theatre. Sexy Jack Vidra makes his debut appearance. Red hair, bearded, tattooed and gym hard, Jack has worked for most of the major studios and made quite a splash in the porn world. A talented chef, he lives in Chicago. Jack does Solo Shows at 8pm, then Dylan Strokes joins him for Sex Shows at 10pm.
August 25, 2017, 10pm-4am at Oasis. Heklina and D'Arcy Drollinger reclaim the name of a long-lost '80s gay club for their new SOMA venue hosting drag shows, cabaret nights, DJ events, and more. Three dancefloors include SILENT DISCO at the rooftop bar; a club full of faceless torsos dancing to the beats of many local DJs. No haters/no shamers. Just a preference. Next: Sept 22.
August 26, 2017 and every 4th Saturday of the month, 9pm-1am at Stud SF. With Resident DJ Mike Biggz behind the decks dropping some Top 40, Reggaeton, old school Hip-Hop and more. $5 cover.
August 26, 2017, 9pm-2am at SF Eagle, 398 12th St. Bearracuda returns to it's cruisy, sexy San Francisco roots at this anniversary party at the Eagle. Party like it's 2006 with DJs Stanley Frank and Robert Jeffrey! Photos and Decor by Dusti Cunningham, corndogs at midnight, sexy visuals and studly go-go's. Just $5 before 10pm!
August 26, 2017, 10pm-6am at THE ENDUP. Your San Francisco LGBT Asian club destination - every 4th Saturday of each month. DJs Bugie Matsushita and Jack Chang (London/Frankfurt). Nerd boys are sexy, that's why we give FREE NERD GLASSES TO THE FIRST 100 GUESTS! Next date: September 23rd with Alan Liro (Taipei).
August 31, 2017, 7pm. Feature-length documentary reveals LGBTQ life through hundreds of never-before-seen home movies dating back to the 1930s. The GLBT Historical Society digitally transfered much of the Hal O’Neal, Crawford Barton and other collections. Best moments of home movies, community productions and other archive videos; a rare glimpse of queer lives through queer eyes.
September 2-3, 2017, SAT 10pm-4am, at Six, 60 Sixth St - Underwear Night/ 1000 BOYS IN BRIEFS - fresh and epic sound, light and laser systems. DJ Pumpkin Spice, go-go boys, fast and secure clothes check. SUN 6-10pm STADiUM Tea Dance at Verso with DJs Wayne G + Paul Goodyear. SUN 10pm-6am Labor Party at 1015 Folsom with DJs Jack Chang + BiNOMio. 3-party pass $80-100.
September 8-23, 2017, at EXIT Theatre, 156 Eddy St. Magic, puppetry, clowning, solo performance, original work, and much more - the Bay Area’s largest grassroots festival charges forward with 33 unique shows from both local and non-local artists. See the full program schedule at website:
September 9, 2017, 9pm-3am at CLUB 21, 2111 Franklin St, Oakland. The Official Pre-Concert Party for GLORIA vs ALEJANDRA with sexy Papi go-go studs, special Gloria + Alejandra drag performances, drink specials before and after the the concert at ORACLE ARENA. See details TBA:
September 10, 2017, 1pm. Don your favorite crop top, or help yourself to shirts we have for you at our CROP TOP station! Featuring local DJs with shimmering sunshine beats. RISQUE polaroid moments all day + super adorable merchandise for sale. Humans of all colors, shapes and sizes welcome; from dudeliest-dudes to the queeniest-queens, and everything in between! Next: October 8th.
September 16, 2017, 10pm-4am at Club Six. FLSM WEEKEND warm-up; massive pre-HEAT event featuring the legendary fierce beats of international star DJ NINA FLOWERS, along with local master DJ ANDREW GIBBONS. This year ARCADE + HEAT fuse into one truly epic marathon dance event with extraordinary lights, lasers and sound, plus #inferno themed decor to get you all sweaty.
September 22 - October 22, 2017, New Conservatory Theatre. A protest brought them together. But now, as his white lover, a Black Lives Matter activist, immerses himself in the struggle, Jesse, a black man, must confront his own political apathy or risk his rights and their love. This gripping and intimate new play asks what is the real cost of standing on the sidelines? Tickets in July.
September 22, 2017, 9pm-4am at Public Works, 161 Erie St, SF. Party for bears, cubs and friends on 2 floors of music and men... in the city where the party started. DJs TONY MORAN. RYAN JONES and FREDDY KOP. 100’s of guys socializing and dancing all night! $20 advance tickets online.
September 22, 2017, 11pm-4am at The Great Northern, 119 Utah St. Leather dance party for men. Explore your wildside, feel masculine and dance through the night w/ DJs Manny Ward, Peter Napoli and Dan Darlington playing dirty dungeon beats + the hottest men sporting sweaty leather and gear! Brût is a 21+ event. Next date: Dec 9th at Monarch.
September 24, 2017, 4-10am at City Nights, 715 Harrison. Put on your dancing shoes, bring your friends, join the sexiest men, boys and dancing queens from around the world at this epic Folsom afterhours dance party. A magical journey of light and sound starts at 4am. Legendary DJ ABEL returns, with GUY SMITH + ROB MONTENEGRO. NYC’s finest lights/visual artists; LASERONICS lasers.
September 24, 2017, 11am-6pm, the world's largest leather event, on Folsom Street between 8th & 13th. Bigger IS better at this only-in-San-Francisco event! Something for everyone, 400,000 fetish enthusiasts on 13 city blocks. See updates as posted at website:
September 24, 2017, 6pm-2am at Mezzanine. Keep the energy of the Fair going into the night with the week’s best dance brothel: DEVIANTS: Adult Arcade - featuring: Jennifer Cardini + Honey Soundsystem. Celebrating the 8th year, just a 10-minute walk from the fairgrounds - with over 1,200 people, the best music in town, and a ticket price that won’t empty your wallet.
September 30, 2017, 7:30pm kick-off at Grace Cathedral. October 8-14th - the Chorus will take a message of equality and inclusiveness/ treating all individuals with dignity, irrespective of differences, across southern states including Alabama, Mississippi, North Carolina, Florida and Tennessee, to help embolden the LGBTQ community in red states where homosexuality isn't embraced.
September 30, 2017, 9pm-3am at SF Eagle. With Montréal international Producer/DJ Ron Hamelin (HustlaBall Berlin, Ptown Bear Week, Toronto World Pride). Men in underwear always have a hot time together. Add some cool lighting and some other "effects," and it will be even hotter. Expect a fun night of dancing, sweat, men, and more at this very sexy event.
October 1, 2017, 11am-6pm. Annual street festival, the first Sunday of October, with hundreds of local artists, vendors, craftspeople, and organizations celebrate the diversity of the Castro neighborhood. Stages with live entertainment and dance pavilions too. Proceeds go directly to charitable causes important to the Castro community, and for the rainbow flag at Castro and Market.
October 19-22, 2017. The world's largest annual LGBT country-western dance weekend. Four nights of dance parties. Three days of dance workshops. Hundreds of cowfolks. One amazing weekend (past year) at Sundance Saloon, 550 Barneveld Ave, Holiday Inn, 1500 Van Ness Ave, and Regency Ballroom, 1300 Van Ness Ave. A fundraising benefit for AIDS and Breast Cancer Emergency Funds.
October 27 - December 3, 2017. David is a self-possessed New York librarian with a need for classification, a love for collecting rare books he never opens and a strong ambivalence about marriage. What happens when his best friend’s bachelor party takes him to Montreal, and he is swept off his feet by a charming young florist? A witty and whimsical romantic comedy tied in knots.
December 1, 2017 - January 7, 2018 at New Conservatory Theatre. The naughty puppets return for a never-ending holiday party at NCTC! Music and Lyrics by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx. Book by Jeff Whitty. Based on original concept by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx. “...a perennial hit -- even when seeing it for the second, third, or whatever time…” -Theatre Eddys.
January 19-20, 2018 (TBC). The 18th Annual Affair at The Regency Ballroom, 1300 Van Ness. Music, theatre, dance, art, storytelling, circus arts, fashion, technology, art, stories; artists, performers, high-flying trapezes, steam-powered machines, costumed ballgoers. Vau de Vire Society presents vignettes paying homage to controversial works of (in)famous illustrator Edward Gorey.
January 19 - February 25, 2018. A surviving activist from the AIDS crisis front lines, Kevin struggles to find purpose in an age of greater gay rights but political complacency. As unexpected events threaten to erase history, his anger and passion are renewed. Hilarious, sharp, deeply moving look at personal/political hazards of rewriting the past, and one man's attempt to move on.
February 2-7, 2018 (TBC), from 10am at the Castro Theatre and the Goethe-Institut San Francisco. Since 1996, North America's largest German film festival. The best of recent cinematic discoveries from German-speaking countries, along with special guest artist appearances, engaging forums, and diverse programs.
March 2-4, 2018. Past year festivities included: FRI meet and greet at Mr S, and the Titleholders Reunion party; SAT kink workshops and vendor fair + Mr. San Francisco Leather contest, followed by a Victory Party; SUN annual SF Leather Community Awards ceremony and brunch (2018 will be the 52nd year) + afternoon beer bust at SF Eagle. See website for this year's schedule of events:
Early April, 2018 - the 61st annual spring festival of 15 days, an extraordinary showcase of cinematic discovery & innovation. Screening venues normally include the Castro Theatre, 429 Castro St, SF; The New People Cinema, 1746 Post St, SF; the Sundance Kabuki Cinemas, 1881 Post St, SF; and the Pacific Film Archive in Berkeley. See the website for film schedules.
April 13 - May 20, 2018. Charlotte and Jonny have been best friends since they were nine. She's Jewish, he's Christian, she’s white, he's black. They love each other, but not that way. Or maybe that way. As they tumble into their twenties and confront mysteries of their sexuality, they eventually find that the path forward is not always the one right in front of you.
May - June, 2018. Annual festival devoted to documentary cinema. Two week event since 2001 has brought the most weird and wonderful aspects of real life to the big screen. "...a zippy blend of politics, music, social issues and youth-oriented subcultures...vibrant, irreverent form of entertainment ...." – Michael Fox, KQED. At Great Star, Roxie, Vogue theaters.
June 2, 2018 (TBC). Performances, performance art, new queer work, visual arts; annual month-long Queer Arts Festival, Queer arts groups “Creating Queer Community” - a program that to date has commissioned more than 120 San Francisco-based artists to create new work.
June 14-24, 2018 (TBC), the 42nd edition annual 11-day event at Castro Theatre - the longest-running and largest gay film festival in the world. Ongoing series includes free films at Frameline at the Center, 1800 Market Street at 7:30pm, second Thursdays of select months.
June 23-24, 2018 (TBC) - climaxes a month of events. See their website for media of 2017 festival celebrations at the downtown Civic Center, and the Parade down Market Street, from Beale at Embarcadero station down to 8th Street, Civic Center, with over 200 contingents marching.
July 29, 2018 (TBC), 11am-6pm. Leather & fetish annual street fair, SoMa district, Dore Alley between Folsom/ Howard Streets, adjoining blocks of Folsom between 9th/ Juniper Streets and Tenth between Howard and Sheridan Sreets. 12pm-2am SF Eagle Party On The Patio: hundreds of leather-clad sweaty bodies.